The second phase of our innovative Dance for Lifelong Wellbeing project. Dance for Lifelong Wellbeing Project: This project aimed to measure the potential impact of a community-based dance intervention on overall daily activity levels, balance and quality of life in older adults. Full report Dance for Lifelong Wellbeing Report The project provided opportunities for older adults, who would not normally get an opportunity to dance, to participate in tailored classes.
Dance masters would teach the steps to nobility and the court would participate in performances as a form of social entertainment. This practice continued for several centuries. Lully sought to develop ballet into a more serious art. Under his influence, ballet was turned into a recognized art that was performed by professional dancers rather than courtiers.
During the 18th century, ballet transitioned from a courtly dance of moving images as spectacle to a performance art in its own right.
Ballet performances developed around a central narrative and contained expressive movement that revealed the relationships between characters.
This dramatic style of ballet became known as the ballet d' action. The ballet d' action strove to express, for the first time, human emotions drawn directly from the dancers themselves. Masks previously worn by performers were removed so that emotional content could be derived from facial expressions.
Although a more expressive use of the body was encouraged, dancers' movements were still restricted due to heavy materials and corseted dresses.
Costumes often covered a dancer's physique and made it difficult to see complex or intricate choreography. It was not until choreographer Jean Georges Noverre called for dance reforms in with his Letters on Dancing and Ballets that costumes became more conducive. Noverre urged that costumes be crafted using lightweight fabrics that move fluidly with the body, complimenting a dancer's figure.
In addition, dancers wore soft slippers that fit snuggly along the foot. This shoe design instilled confidence within the ballerina, daring her to dance on her toes.
Naturalistic costuming allowed dancers to push the boundaries of movement, eventually rising en pointe. The era of Romanticism produced ballets inspired by fantasy, mystique, and the unfamiliar cultures of exotic places.
Ballets that focused more on the emotions, the fantasy and the spiritual worlds, heralded the beginning of true pointe-work. Now, on her toes, the deified ballerina embodied in this period by the legendary ballerina Marie Taglioni seemed to magically skim the surface of the stage, an ethereal being never quite touching the ground.
It was during this period that the ascending star of the ballerina quite eclipsed the presence of the poor male dancer, who was in many cases reduced to the status of a moving statue, present only in order to lift the ballerina.
This sad state was really only redressed by the rise of the male ballet star Vaslav Nijinskywith the Ballets Russesin the early 20th century. Ballet as we know it had well and truly evolved by this time, with all the familiar conventions of costume, choreographic form, plot, pomp, and circumstance firmly fixed in place.
Currently the artistic scope of ballet technique and its accompanying music, jumper, and multimedia is more all-encompassing than ever.
The boundaries that classify a work of classical ballet are constantly being stretched, muddied and blurred until perhaps all that remains today are traces of technique idioms such as turnout.
It was during the explosion of new thinking and exploration in the early 20th century that dance artists began to appreciate the qualities of the individual, the necessities of ritual and religion, the primitive, the expressive and the emotional.
In this atmosphere modern dance began an explosion of growth. There was suddenly a new freedom in what was considered acceptable, what was considered art, and what people wanted to create. All kinds of other things were suddenly valued as much as, or beyond, the costumes and tricks of the ballet.
Most of the early 20th century modern choreographers and dancers saw ballet in the most negative light. Isadora Duncan thought it most ugly, nothing more than meaningless gymnastics. Martha Graham saw it as European and Imperialistic, having nothing to do with the modern American people.
Merce Cunninghamwhile using some of the foundations of the ballet technique in his teaching, approached choreography and performance from a totally radical standpoint compared to the traditional balletic format.
The 20th century was indeed a period of breaking away from everything that ballet stood for. It was a time of unprecedented creative growth, for dancers and choreographers. It was also a time of shock, surprise and broadening of minds for the public, in terms of their definitions of what dance was.
It was a revolution in the truest sense.
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The late 20th and early 21st centuries[ edit ] Diagram of 20th century American dance history After the explosion of modern dance in the early 20th century, the s saw the growth of postmodernism. Postmodernism veered towards simplicity, the beauty of small things, the beauty of untrained body, and unsophisticated movement.
The famous "No" manifesto rejecting all costumes, stories and outer trappings in favour of raw and unpolished movement was perhaps the extreme of this wave of thinking.Primitive forms of dance are believed to have existed in many cultures well over 20 years ago.
Evidence of dance existing in these cultures can be seen on the walls of prehistoric caves and Egyptian tombs. Mar 24, · Central Avenue Dance Ensemble "Cake Walk" performance from "The History of Black Dance in America" Recorded at the Santa Monica Bay Women's Club in Santa Monica, CA, February 23, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach provides an in-depth look at dance from the dawn of time through the 20th century.
Using an investigative approach, this book presents the who, what, when, where, why, and how of dance history in relation to other arts and to historical, political, and social events.4/5(19). Dance for Lifelong Wellbeing Report The project provided opportunities for older adults, who would not normally get an opportunity to dance, to participate in tailored classes.
We believe that dance is not just for children and young adults and that people of all ages can enjoy, and benefit from, participation. Mar 17, · A Black and White video from the early '70's of the Nancy Hauser Dance Company.
The narrator of the video is Gail Turner. Research topics in dance and dance history can be rich combinations of influences and subjects.
You can begin to develop your topic with a specific style in mind, such as ballet or tap, or specific techniques such as en pointe or gancho.