The endocrine system controls water equilibrium by regulating the solute concentration of the blood. Growth, metabolism, and tissue maturation. The endocrine system controls the growth of many tissues, like the bone and muscleand the degree of metabolism of various tissues, which aids in the maintenance of the normal body temperature and normal mental functions.
Endocrine organs, called glands, secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
Hormones affect the activity of target sites that are often located far from the site of release. Exocrine organs direct the function of their target sites by releasing their active.
The major endocrine organs include the hypothalamus and the hypophysis, or pituitary gland. Other endocrine glands within the body include: The hypothalamus is located in the forebrain, directly above the pituitary gland.
The hypothalamus receives input from other parts of the brain and from peripheral nerves.
This input affects neurosecretory cells within the hypothalamus. The anterior pituitary synthesizes its own hormones. Capillaries within the anterior pituitary receive signals from the hypothalamus that tell the anterior pituitary whether or not to release certain hormones.
The thyroid gland is a bilobed structure found at the trachea. It synthesizes and secretes three hormones: The parathyroids are four small glands embedded in the thyroid. They produce and secrete parathyroid hormone PTH.
The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys. Each gland is subdivided into an outer adrenal cortex and an inner adrenal medulla. The pancreas is both an endocrine organ and an exocrine organ. The exocrine portion of the pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the pancreatic duct.
The endocrine portion of the pancreas secretes hormones, including insulin and glucagon. The testes are responsible for the synthesis and secretion of androgens, such as testosterone.
Interstitial cells, located between the seminiferous tubules of the testes, produce androgens. The ovaries produce and secrete steroid hormones known as estrogens and progesterone.
The Menstrual Cycle and Pregnancy From puberty to menopause, hormonal interplay between the hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovaries results in the monthly menstrual cycle, which has four distinct phases:Nov 23, · Anatomy and Physiology of Endocrine System thyroid diseases what is endocrine system pituitary hormones function of endocrine system endocrine diseases endocrine.
Start studying Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. You’ll learn some general anatomy (a roadmap of your body), learn how the arm bone actually connects to the shoulder bone, and how the different organs work together to keep you alive.
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A list of progress levels towards mastery. Endocrine glands: Endocrine organs, called glands, secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones affect the activity of target sites that are often located far from the site of release.
Exocrine organs direct the function of . View Notes - A&P ENDOCRINE SYSTEM SSFpptx from NURSING at College of San Mateo. ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ENDOCRINE SYSTEM AMALIA FICARRA, RN DSD LEARNING OBJECTIVES List and describe the.
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