Caucasus and armenia

The snow is great, and the vast landscape is unique. We will be back. Sharmistha Sen India The eclectic architecture and breathtaking natural beauty of the Caucasian region would have remained unknown to me if not for this awesome MyCaucasus travel portal.

Caucasus and armenia

The vast plains and highlands of Ciscaucasia stretch from the northern foothills of the Greater Caucasus to the Kuma-Manych Depressionrunning from the Sea of Azov to the Caspian Sea.

Western Ciscaucasia consists largely of plains, such as the extensive lowland north of the Kuban River that slopes gradually upward to the foothills of the mountains farther south. Central Ciscaucasia includes the Stavropol Uplandcharacterized mainly by tablelands of limestone or sandstone separated by deep valleys; the Mineralnye Vody-Pyatigorsk zone to the southeast, where Mount Beshtau rises to 4, feet 1, metres from the surrounding plateau; and, still farther to the southeast, the Terek and the Sunzha ranges, separated by the Alkhanchurt Valley.

Eastern Ciscaucasia is a lowland traversed by the lower Terek River and, to the north beyond the sands of the vast Nogay Steppe, by the Kuma River. Both rivers flow into the Caspian Sea. The northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus are not as steep as the southern. The middle of the system is comparatively narrow, but its western and eastern ends have widths of miles km or more.

The main axis Caucasus and armenia the system contains, in addition to Mount Elbrus, Mount Dombay-Ulgen Dombey-Yolgen; 13, feet [4, metres]in the western sector; Mounts ShkharaDykhtauand Kazbekall over 16, feet 4, metresin the central sector; and Mounts Tebulosmta and Bazardyuzyuboth over 14, feet 4, metresin the east.

Spurs tonguing north and south from the main axis occasionally reach elevations approaching 10, feet 3, metres. At the centre of this extensive depression the Kura River receives its major right-bank tributary, the Aras Azerbaijani: West of the Kura-Aras Lowland rises the Lesser Caucasus range, which is extended southward by the Dzhavakhet Range and the Armenian Highlandthe latter extending southwestward into Turkey.

From their western sources in the Armenian Highland, the Kura and Aras rivers both flow around the Lesser Caucasus and armenia Kura to the north of the range and the Aras to the south—to their confluence in the east.

Northern and central Ciscaucasia have a platformlike construction, with a foundation of folded structures dating from the Hercynian orogeny early in the Carboniferous Period i. The surface of most of Ciscaucasia is composed of Cenozoic rock i. Structurally the Greater Caucasus represents a great anticline upfold uplifted at the margin of the Alpine geosyncline about 25 million years ago and subsequently altered by fresh cycles of erosion and uplift.

Hard, crystalline, metamorphosed rocks such as schists and gneisses, as well as granites that predate the Jurassic Period i.

The spurs of the Greater Caucasus are composed of younger limestones, sandstones, and marls. The Kolkhida and Kura-Aras lowlands are both structural depressions linked to the Alpine geosyncline; the former is related to the formation of the Black Sea, the latter to that of the Caspian. In the Kolkhida Lowland, the overall surface of deposits laid down less than 25 million years ago is broken, at the foot of the mountains, by the protrusion of slightly older sedimentary rocks.

Younger rock also underlies the Kura-Aras Lowland.

Caucasus and armenia

The structures of the Lesser Caucasus, the Talish Mountainsthe Dzhavakhet Rangeand the Armenian Highland likewise originated from folds uplifted from the Alpine geosyncline. Whereas the western sector of the Lesser Caucasus and the Talish in the far southeast are formed chiefly of deposits laid down about 50 million years ago during the downwarp episode of the geosyncline, the central and eastern sectors of the Lesser Caucasus consist of sedimentary strata with areas of intrusive volcanic rock that is at least twice as old.

Geologically recent volcanism and contact metamorphism the intrusion of molten material into preexisting strata everywhere have played a great role in shaping the landscape. The folded base of the Dzhavakhet Range and of the Armenian Highland, for example, is masked by volcanic debris from eruptions that occurred in the Cenozoic Erabut to the east much older rocks emerge between the middle course of the Aras and the latitude of Lake Sevan.

In the springwhen snow and ice begin to melt, the rivers of the Greater Caucasus and some of those of the Lesser Caucasus begin a flood cycle that may last for six months. Other Transcaucasian rivers are characterized by shorter-term spring flooding, while the rivers of the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus generally have summer floods as well.

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The rivers of Ciscaucasia, except those flowing from the Greater Caucasus themselves, characteristically freeze over in winterflood in spring, and become extremely shallow and sometimes even dry up in summer. In the eastern and central Caucasus, brief storm flooding occurs frequently.

The karst regions along some spurs of the Greater Caucasus contain rivers that intermittently plunge beneath the earth into caverns within the soluble limestone bedrock. Lake Sevan in the eastern Lesser Caucasus is the largest lake of Caucasia; its overflow drains into the Hrazdan River, a tributary of the Aras.

The higher elevations of the Greater Caucasus contain numerous small mountain lakes, while a number of saltwater lakes occur in the arid regions of northeastern Caucasia. The Greater Caucasus has more than 2, glaciersoccupying about 1 percent of its total area. Some 70 percent of them occur on the cooler northern face, with a concentration on the higher central slopes.

The largest—notably Dykhsu, Bezingi, and Karaugom glaciers, on the northern face, and Lekzyr and Tsanner glaciers, in western Georgia—are about 8 miles 13 km long.

The desolate flanks of Mount Elbrus are streaked by many glaciers. Climate The crest of the Greater Caucasus forms a barrier between the temperate mid-latitude and the subtropical climatic zones by impeding the movement of cold air masses from the north into Transcaucasia and, conversely, that of warm air masses into Ciscaucasia from the south.

Ciscaucasia has a semiarid climate in the west and a drier, more desertlike climate in the east. In Transcaucasia, the Kolkhida Lowland has a humid subtropical climate with mild winters and an annual rainfall of 47 to 71 inches 1, to 1, mm.

The Middle Aras Trough in the Armenian Highland has a climate like that of the lowland downstream but is not so warm.Armenia and Georgia are so different and at the same time so similar bright countries of the South Caucasus.

Holidays in these countries will give you completely new emotions and impressions: you will get acquainted with the kind and open-hearted locals, learn about their life and traditions, admire the majestic mountain landscapes and plunge into the ancient history of Christianity.

Armenia and Georgia are so different and at the same time so similar bright countries of the South Caucasus. Holidays in these countries will give you completely new emotions and impressions: you will get acquainted with the kind and open-hearted locals, learn about their life and traditions, admire the majestic mountain landscapes and plunge into the ancient history of Christianity.

Caucasus Ethnicity. The Greater Caucasus Range, running northwest to southeast between the Black and Caspian Seas, is the traditional line of demarcation between the continents of Europe and Asia.

The Caucasus is a mountainous area nestled between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, consisting of southern Russia, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.

Physical features

This transitional region has a foothold in both Eastern Europe and Western Asia, but is generally viewed as part of modern ph-vs.comd In: Europe. Caucasus and Armenia Essay Sample.

Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a landlocked, mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Armenia is a landlocked country in the geopolitical Transcaucasus (South Caucasus) region, that is located in the Southern Caucasus Mountains and their lowlands between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea, and northeast of the Armenian ph-vs.comal languages: Armenian.

Best Caucasus Tours to Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan in