Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms or legs Visual disturbances Diagnosis To diagnose epilepsy, a physician will evaluate symptoms and medical history and perform a physical examination. We then use advanced diagnostic procedures and technology to confirm the diagnosis, inform treatment and carefully monitor the condition.
More What Is It? During a seizure, brain cells "fire" uncontrollably at up to four times their normal rate, temporarily affecting the way a person behaves, moves, thinks or feels.
There are two major types of seizures: Primary generalized seizures — The seizure affects the entire cerebral cortex, the outer portion of the brain that contains the majority of brain cells.
In this type of seizure, the abnormal firing of brain cells occurs on both sides of the brain at about the same time.
Partial focal seizure — The abnormal firing of brain cells begins in one region of the brain and remains in that one region. Many conditions can affect the brain and trigger a seizure, including: A person may have only one seizure without a recurrence.
Epilepsy is a condition in which seizures continue to recur. Symptoms Primary Generalized Seizures The different types of primary generalized seizures cause different symptoms: Generalized tonic-clonic seizure also called grand mal seizure — In this type of seizure, the person usually loses consciousness and falls to the ground.
All body muscles can contract at once in a sustained contraction, or they can contract in a series of shorter rhythmic contractions, or both. Some patients also lose bowel or bladder control. The seizure episode typically lasts for less than a minute and is followed by period of lethargy sluggishness and temporary confusion.
Often muscles are very sore after a generalized seizure. For a few seconds, the person may have a blank stare or rapid blinking. This type of seizure usually begins in childhood or early adolescence. Status epilepticus — A state of a prolonged seizure 20 minutes or longer or a series of seizures without fully regaining consciousness.
This is a life-threatening medical emergency. Partial Focal Seizures The different types of partial seizures cause different symptoms: Simple partial seizure — In a simple partial seizure, the seizure-related electrical discharges remain localized so that the person experiences a feeling, sensation, movement or other symptom without losing consciousness.
During a simple partial seizure, the person remains awake and aware. Symptoms vary depending on the specific brain area involved and may include: Jerking movements in one part of the body An experience of abnormal smells or a distorted environment Unexplained fear or rage Complex partial seizure — This is the most common type of partial seizure.
In this type of seizure, the person loses awareness of his or her surroundings and is unresponsive or only partially responsive. There may be a blank stare, chewing or lip-smacking, or repetitive movements of the hands.
After the seizure, the person typically is confused and has no memory of the episode.
Either type of partial seizure may become a generalized seizure if the electrical activity spreads from the part of the brain where the seizure started to the rest of the cerebral cortex.
Seizures often are followed by a period of lethargy, drowsiness and confusion.These websites offer additional helpful information on epilepsy, its causes, treatment options, support and more (Note: these sites are not under the auspice of The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, and their listing here should not be seen as an endorsement of these sites or their content).
Learn about epilepsy symptoms, possible causes of epilepsy and how epilepsy is treated, including surgical treatment options. Menu. Patient Care & Health Info. Quality Care. Find out why Mayo Clinic is the right place for your health care.
Make an appointment. Epilepsy Symptoms, Causes and Treatment. Reviewed By Joseph Carcione, Causes of Epilepsy. The specific cause for epilepsy is unknown for about half of all epileptic patients according to the Epilepsy Foundation. However, there are a number of conditions that can result in epilepsy.
Essay on Parkinson's Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options decrease in spontaneous movements, walking difficulty, postural unsteadiness, rigidity and tremor. “The major symptoms of the disease were originally described in by an English physician, Dr.
James Parkinson, who called it ‘Shaking Palsy’ (Peppe, Gasbarra, Stefani, Chiavalon, Pierantozzi, Femi, Stanzione, ). Epilepsy is a chronic disorder that causes unprovoked, recurrent seizures.
Here, learn about the types of epilepsy and their symptoms, treatment, and prognosis. Learn about the symptoms, causes, and treatment options here. Read now. email email. print. share share. Advancing Public Policy for Epilepsy: The Epilepsy Foundation’s Public Police Institute and Teens Speak Up! Programs Symptoms and Causes ; Less Obvious SE Other Treatment Options. get the news! Join our mailing list to stay to date about programs, events, and news about epilepsy. Learn about epilepsy symptoms, possible causes of epilepsy and how epilepsy is treated, including surgical treatment options.
Learn more about epilepsy symptoms» Some treatment options include. Here, learn about the types of epilepsy and their symptoms, treatment, and prognosis.
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