Nowadays everything is different, and descendants of African people brought to be slaves in the USA are living now in this country, and are treated almost equally. However, a lot of things have changed.
Liberia lies on the west coast of Africa. The name comes from the English word "liberty" and refers to the nation's origin as a colony of free blacks repatriated to Africa from the United States in the early nineteenth century. Although the settlers and their descendants, known as Americo-Liberians, defined the boundaries of the nation-state, made English the official language, and dominated the government and economy for almost one hundred fifty years, they have never constituted as much as 5 percent of the population.
The remaining people belong to sixteen broadly defined ethnolinguistic groups of the Niger-Congo family. The Mel West Atlantic group consists of the Gola and Kissi, who are believed to be the oldest inhabitants. The Mande group, made up of Mandingo, Vai, Gbandi, Kpelle, Loma, Mende, Gio, and Mano peoples, is believed to have entered the area from the northern savannahs in the fifteenth century.
The southern and eastern areas are inhabited by people who speak Kruan Kwa languages; the Bassa, Dei DeyGrebo, Kru, Belle KuwaaKrahn, and Gbee are linguistically related to the peoples of the Niger delta far to the east.
All these groups were present in the territory when the American settlers arrived in Although Liberia has been independent sincemaking it the oldest republic in Africa, most of its citizens have never felt allegiance to the nation-state.
With most government institutions concentrated in coastal cities, many inhabitants of the interior had little sense of being Liberian until the second half of the twentieth century.
Liberia lies on the western "bulge" of Africa. About half the country is covered by primary tropical rain forest containing valuable hardwoods. A monsoon climate of alternating wet and dry seasons characterizes the weather.
Plateaus and mountain ranges in the northern region are rich in iron ore, gold, and diamonds.
The Atlantic coastline of miles kilometers has no natural deep-water harbors and is pounded by heavy surf. The capital, Monrovia, was named for the United States president James Monroe and is situated near the original landing site of the American settlers.
The area had been known as the Grain Coast, in reference to the malagueta pepper that was the primary export. Negotiations with the Bassa and Dei to "purchase" land for the settlers apparently were carried out at gunpoint, and the indigenous people probably believed they were entering into a trade agreement with the newcomers rather than giving up ownership of their territory.
The rest of the country was acquired though similar "purchases," conquest, and negotiation with British and French colonizers. The population was 2, in A disastrous civil war from late to is believed to have cost at leastlives, and many Liberians live as refugees in neighboring countries and elsewhere in the world.
The relative distribution of the population among the sixteen recognized ethnic groups has remained relatively constant. The Kpelle are the largest with 20 percent of the population, followed by the Bassa with 14 percent.
All the other groups number less than 10 percent of the total. The official language is English, which is used for instruction in all public and mission schools and in university education.
A significant portion of the population is bilingual and often competent in several indigenous languages as well as English. Those in the regions bordering Ivory Coast and Guinea are often conversational in French. The English spoken in most common, informal settings is "Liberian English," a creole form.
Liberia Educated people frequently switch between the creole form and the more standard English promoted by schools. Men tend to have more facility with both standard and creole English than do women, reflecting men's greater access to formal education and urban mores.
The official national symbols, such as the official language, reflect the American origin of the nation-state. The flag is a replica of the American flag, but with a single large white star on a blue field representing Liberia's long history as the "Lone Star," the only independent republic in Africa during the colonial period.
The nation's origin as a nation-state lies in a paradox of United States history. Even before the end of the war for American independence, public figures such as Thomas Jefferson were concerned about the status of free people of African descent and their integration into a free society.
The ACS used private funds donated by wealthy white contributors to "purchase" land in west Africa and recruit African-American settlers, the first group of whom arrived in Most of the earliest immigrants had been born free; they were relatively well educated and belonged to an emerging class of free black professionals and businessmen.
Although white administrators appointed by the ACS governed the colony in the early years, in the settlers declared independence and became the first sovereign black republic in Africa. The first settlers were augmented by recently manumitted slaves from the United States and "recaptured Africans" or "Congos" taken from smugglers after the slave trade was abolished in Possible Culture Topics for Writing Essays and Papers.
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