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A Multinational Analysis of Contributing Factors Abstract Successful diffusion of 3G mobile is Reseacrh regulation assignment for the provision of many advanced applications via the mobile platform such as mobile broadband Internet and video.
The current deployment of 3G services is significantly more developed in some countries than others. Through a regression analysis of observations, this study examines the factors affecting such differences.
It was found that multiple standardization policy, lower level of 1G and 2G penetration, and a higher level of income contribute to the diffusion of 3G mobile. Demands for advanced services such as mobile broadband Internet and mobile video have increased tremendously in recent years and been touted as the driver for the continuous growth of the telecommunications industry Tellabs, In fact, such bandwidth consuming mobile ventures are often regarded as a means of paying off the hefty license fees for many third generation 3G mobile service providers Ponsford, In essence, as the mobile voice services become commoditized with increasing price competition, new data services made possible by the 3G networks are critical in generating profit and growth.
Thus, the true provision of video communication, information, and entertainment via the mobile platform will be impossible without the successful diffusion of 3G services.
In addition, industry analysts have increasingly concluded that mobile broadband will soon become the standard of accessing the Internet in most countries 3g. Nevertheless, without established 3G Reseacrh regulation assignment, the anticipated growth in mobile broadband data services would be unattainable.
At the end ofthere were 3. It was estimated that mobile broadband handset users will grow from million in to over 1. In spite of the rapid growth of 3G and even 4G services in a select number of countries, many countries are still in the early stages of 3G mobile deployment. What factors contribute to the differential deployment rates of 3G mobile services among countries?
As important as these factors are in affecting the next phase of mobile technology development, consumer access to advanced mobile broadband and video services, and the eventual convergence between the mobile platform and other mass media content distribution systems, little empirical studies have addressed the political, economic, market, and consumer issues that might play a role in the diffusion of 3G mobile services.
Through a statistical analysis of approximately observations, this study attempts to explore the influential factors of global 3G mobile deployment, examining various policy, industry, consumer, and technology issues for their contribution to 3G mobile deployment.
However, there also exists a wide range of 3G diffusion levels across countries. For example, the region of Asia trumped all others in 3G adoption with close to 52 percent of the world 3G market share as early as in ITU, More recently, Asia-Pacific was home to an estimated million 3G subscribers in and is expected to reach million subscribers by Suppiah, According to the official ITU report, while the number one 3G nation, Korea, had a penetration rate as high as percent, the number five country, Hong Kong, reached only about one third of Korea s rate 8.
It is evident that there are significant regional differences in the number of 3G subscribers. While close to half of the 3G subscribers are located in the region of Asia, less than thirteen percent of them are in Europe. Adding to and contributing to the complexity of regional and national mobile deployment differences is the diversity in wireless technologies adopted by different countries.
Opting for a 6 The Deployment of Third-Generation Mobile Services 5 different path from its European counterpart, the United States actually had four digital 2G standards in its attempt to allow the market to choose its standards and avoid risks during the uncertain period when various wireless technologies were emerging Sugrue, Diffusion of Innovations At the micro level, socio-psychological factors may influence new media technology adoption.
Rogers theorized that innovations would spread through society in an S-curve, as the early adopters select the technology first, followed by the majority, until a technology or innovation is common Rogers, In explaining the diffusion of innovation, Rogers identified five perceived characteristics of an innovation such as relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability and observability.
These five perceived characteristics may influence the 3G mobile adoption in the individual level. Among these five perceived characteristics, we mainly have interest in relative advantage- the degree to which an innovation is perceived as being better than the idea it supersedes and this construct is one of the best predictors of the adoption of an innovation Rogers, In other words, relative advantage may mean the amount of improvement the new technology offers compared to the old, which may suggest that 2G and 1G penetration could be correlated to the 3G penetration.
Path Dependence Path dependence theory can be related to the policy choice for 3G mobile diffusion. Path dependence may suggest that inferior standards can persist simply because of the legacy they have built up David, Relating to the mobile communications standardization policy, in spite of EU s success story of mandated standard GSM in initial stage of 2G, if marketmediated standard policy leads to faster adoption of 3G mobile in the markets, it may imply that the EU 3G standard policy that may have assumed WCDMA or locked operators into WCDMA might be a very costly public policy decision Gandal et al.
Standardization and Institutional Environment Many stakeholders in the mobile industry such as policymakers, mobile service operators, content providers, and end-users play an influential role in shaping 3G deployments at different phases.
Saugstrup and Henten propose that regulation and market competition are important factors affecting the deployment of the new 3G technology. Specifically, Gans, King, and Wright suggest that standardization policy plays a significant role in the success of wireless communication.
From a historical perspective, regulations such as standardization with the intent to safeguard consumers have sometimes confined the development of new telecommunications services.
Maeda, Amar, and Gibson argue that because of the typical progression of a new media technology market from the initial monopoly dominance of a large firm, 8 The Deployment of Third-Generation Mobile Services 7 to the addition of many smaller competitors in the growth stage, to the few, surviving strong competitors after a phase of consolidation, inflexible regulation such as mandated standardization may not actually benefit the consumers.
Most of the literature suggests that compatibility and standardization may lead to efficient outcomes in the market. Theoretically, a single standard tends to deliver better economies of scale and network externalities.
Nevertheless, Gandal et al.
It was argued that as long as the mobile networks are interconnected and coverage is effective, there is little need for compatibility Gandal et al.
Thus, there are few network externalities that may justify a government mandated standard in the mobile market Gans et al.
In essence, there are both advantages and disadvantages in market mediated multiple standards and government mandated single standard.Compiled from a variety of sources by Evynn Blaher, C.D.
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An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the. Transcript. 1 Faculty of Human Development Handbook 2 A database containing all course information in this Handbook is on the Universitys website at: ph-vs.com