Originally nations were assumed to be self-evident. Nations were a people sharing a common immutable ethnicity, which dated to the mists of time and could be seen by their shared language, history, bloodline, culture, character, habits, and manners. It was not necessary that these national peoples had an independent existence as a state, but there was a growing assumption that the nation was the people, the people were ultimately sovereign, and therefore nations should have their own state—a vision which had a certain efflorescence in the late 18th century in the Americas and Europe, a perspective that dominated the transformations of Europe after World War I, and an agenda that gave succor to numerous anti-imperial movements throughout the world in the 20th century.
How did nationalism develop during the French Revolution? Of a handful of modern ideologies, one of the most monumental events in human history, the French Revolution, generated one: Nationalism is the devotion to the interest or culture of a particular nation. Although in its extreme form it could go as far as some radical measures such as ethnic cleansing, the patriotic feeling that nationalism brings about has been a major momentum that binds a nation together.
Prior the the French Revolution, France was divided by various regions and religions. The only thing that could possibly link the nation together was the belief that everyone was supposed to serve the king.
However, by the end of the eighteenth century, there appeared to be a sense of membership among the French people.
Some of them no longer saw themselves as "subject" to serve the king, instead, they began seeing themselves as "citizens" who serve their own nation proudly. This sense of belonging can be said to have been the instigation of nationalism.
In the prerevolutionary society, the old regime, everyone belonged to one of three estates. The third estate represented everyone except for the aristocracy and the clergy, namely the middle class and the peasants.
On June 17th,the third estate declared itself "National Assembly" where it was insisted that deputies of all three orders should sit as a single house and vote as individuals instead of one vote per house.
The unicameral self-entitled National Assembly was meant to remove the division and marginalization of the govenment caused by the separation of constituency and to represent the nation as a whole. As the state became more secular, there was a large demand for uncompromising loyalty to the state in order to keep the spirit of the revolution alive.
After the capture of Bastille, national guard was established in Paris and other cities to keep order.
For insignia of the guard the commander combined the colors of the city of Paris, red and blue, with the white of the house of Bourbon. The French tricolor thus became the emblem of the Revolution, which is also the contemporary French national flag.
On August 26,the National Assembly issued "Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen", one of the most significant, if not the most significant, documentations ever.
It was meant to affirm the principles of the new state and applied to all human being, it recognized equal individual citizenship, and collective sovereignty of the people.
The French nationalism was at its height when the French army was at war with other European states in the s. It was a national army, representing a people in arms, commanded by officers who had been promoted rapidly on grounds of merit, and composed of troops who felt themselves to be citizens fighting for their own cause.
Its intense political-mindedness made it the more formidable and contrasted strongly with the indifference of the opposing troops, some of whom are in fact serfs and none of whom had any sense of membership in their own political systems. There are two kinds of nationalisms, ethnic and civic.
The ¡dea of Nationalism 31 The Idea of Nationalism Aira Kemiläinen I. The Nationalist Idea and the National Principle Word, the Concept and Classification (Studia Historica Jyväskyläensia, vol. 3, Jyväskylä, ), p. Chapter II During the great revolution in France the "nation" also became the repository of. This lesson deals with the French revolution and the idea of nation which the help of a famous art by French artist, Sourriu. It explains how the French revolution forged the sense of nationalism in France and how did it lead to the emergence of nation-states and how did that idea spread to other European regions. Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the ph-vs.com political ideology of nationalism holds that a nation should govern itself, free from outside interference and is linked to the concept of self-determination.
Ethnic nationalism is based on ethnicity whereas civic is based on a common belief and ideas. The nationalism that was generated and developed in France during the French Revolution was civic. Over the centuries, the monarchies have achieved political unity of France.
In the wake of the Enlightenment, people began to take pride in serving the country rather than the king believed in equality. The Rights Of Man, published in to defend the French Revolution had become a motto or watchword for potentially revolutionary ideas well before French ideas were are at the forefront of Europe and the world at large, at some point, the French Revolution almost seemed inevitable as more and more French people began to believe in nationalism.In America as well as in revolutionary France, nationalism meant the adherence to a universal progressive idea, looking toward a common future of freedom and equality, not toward a past characterized by authoritarianism and inequality.
The concepts of a nation in which individuals are left open the idea identifying with a territory calling it their identity gave way for the concept of nationalism. Nationalism in its context makes people conscious of the fact that they belong to a nation.
Nationalism is an ideology that emphasizes loyalty, devotion, or allegiance to a nation or nation-state and holds that such obligations outweigh other individual or group interests. NOTE: Eric Hobsbawm is one of the best known historians of the Twentieth Century. In addition to many books on a variety of topics, Hobsbawm has written two important texts dealing with the subject of nationalism.
These include: Nations and Nationalism Since and The Invention of ph-vs.com excerpt included here is drawn from Nations and Nationalism since A nation state (or nation-state), in the most specific sense, is a country where a distinct cultural or ethnic group (a "nation" or "people") inhabits a territory and has formed a state (often a sovereign state) that it predominantly ph-vs.com is a more precise concept than "country", since a country need not have a predominant ethnic group.A nation, in the sense of a common ethnicity, may.
The ¡dea of Nationalism 31 The Idea of Nationalism Aira Kemiläinen I. The Nationalist Idea and the National Principle Word, the Concept and Classification (Studia Historica Jyväskyläensia, vol.
3, Jyväskylä, ), p. Chapter II During the great revolution in France the "nation" also became the repository of.