Hello my nursing friends!
Documentation Is Important Remember that head-to-toe assessment documentation is a critical part of the process. Many people use nursing head-to-toe checklists or forms to make sure they remember everything and to document patient results.
Communicate Throughout Be sure to communicate clearly with your patient throughout the assessment. Always ask before you start touching the patient, and explain what you are doing as you do it. Additionally, ask patient about how they have been feeling. They are the expert on their own body! Keep an Eye on Bilateral Symmetry The human body is, in general, bilaterally symmetrical i.
When you are examining a patient, make note of any unusual asymmetry. If a patient is weaker on one side than another, or has limited range of motion, or one side seems limper or otherwise different from the other side, there could be an underlying neurological or musculoskeletal issue.
Assess Skin Throughout The skin is a great barometer of overall wellness. Also not any lesions, abrasions, or rashes. You might not have a barometer, but you definitely have skin. Oriented x 3 Is patient alert and responsive?
Ask if they can tell you their name, if they know where they are, and what day it is. Record whether the temperature was taken orally, rectally, in the ear, at the forehead, or in the armpit as these methods have differing accuracy levels.
Measure Blood Pressure In professional settings, you may have an automatic blood pressure cuff or you may need to take blood pressure manually. To measure blood pressure manually: Place your stethoscope diaphragm or bell over the pulse.
Verify that you can hear the brachial pulse. Inflate the cuff until the gauge reads at about mmHg. You should no longer hear the brachial pulse through the stethoscope. Allow the cuff to deflate gradually.
The systolic BP is the measurement of the gauge the moment you hear the brachial pulse again. The diastolic BP is the measuring of the gauge when you stop hearing that pulse. Normal adult BPM is aboutalthough athletes can have lower heart rates.
In a patient with a regular heartbeat, you can take the pulse for 30 seconds and just multiple by two, but if the beat seems irregular, go for at least a full minute. This video includes oxygen saturationwhich you may or may not need to assess.
Subsequent sections will be devoted to the eyes, nose, mouth, and ears. Check Distribution and Condition of Hair Is hair healthy? Is it thinning in places? Note any abnormalities, like unusual brittleness or uneven thinning.
Part hair in several places on the scalp to check for bumps, sores, or scabs on the skin. Assess dryness and dandruff. Also check if there are lice or nits present in the hair. Palpate the skull to determine if there are any tender or sore areas.
Check for Symmetrical Facial Movements Have patient smile, frown, raise eyebrows, and puff out cheeks. If patient can move face at will, movements are symmetrical, and there are no involuntary movement, cranial nerve VII is intact.
Hold a sterile, sharp object like a needle or pin in one hand and a soft item like a cotton ball or q-tip in the other. Ask patient to close eyes and identify whether the sensation they are feeling is sharp or dull.
Assess Symmetry Verify that eyes are symmetrical, that the palpebral fissures are equal and there is no ptosis.Head to Toe Physical Assessment CMST of extremity RA LA RL LL Frequency Checked_____ See Restraint Form Language spoken English = speaks and understands other_____ Interpreter STUDENT(printed) head to toe ph-vs.com Nursing head to toe assessment form includes the conditions of the each body part of a patient.
A nurse has to gather information about the condition of the patient’s entire health before making the head to toe assessment form. done head to toe, or cephalo-caudal, lateral to lateral, proximal to distal, and front to back.
General Usually, completing a provider based Health History and Physical Examination Form will assist in the assessment of the patient’s past and current health and behavior risk status.
Certain health problems. Intermittent Continuous (keep head of bed elevated to prevent aspiration, check placement – pH should be 0 to 4) Stoma: N/A Colostomy Ileostomy (Notify the .
For starters, don’t write a narrative note when the flowsheet will suffice. For example, don’t write a note about your head-to-toe assessment when that information is covered in . (a) Forms for assessment components from head-to-toe - Somewhat detailed, but cues you to consider many issues which may be helpful to your learning process.
Cardiac rhythm assessment with ECG form is .